With the growing success of expeditions to faraway Africa, the majestic animals of the savannah became an ever-increasing focus of attention. The Nymphenburg animal modellers of the early 20th century, like Theodor Kärner, August Göhring and Hans Behrens, however, undertook studies on living animals without having to travel thousands of miles to do so. They found live models in the southern Munich-based Hellabrunn Zoo, which had opened in 1911. They also used illustrations and paintings as templates for their true-to-nature portraits of tigers, leopards and elephants. Unlike the humorous, almost caricature-like animal portraits of Luise Terletzki-Scherf, the early predator portraits have an illustrious and playful air.