Elector Carl Theodor
When Carl Theodor (also: Karl Theodor) succeeded Elector Max III Joseph in 1777, he moved his residence from Mannheim to Munich. As elector, he was committed to promoting the arts, sciences and education. In 1789, Carl Theodor had the English Garden landscaped which one of the first large landscaped urban gardens intended for use by the entire population. The Karlstor and Karlsplatz are still a reminder of his reign today. The Frankenthal Porcelain Manufactory, which he acquired in 1762, was merged with the Nymphenburg Porcelain Manufactory after his death. In the first half of the 19th century, Nymphenburg benefited from taking on the best Frankenthal specialists such as Johann Peter Melchior.