The painter Max Rossbach, born in Leipzig in 1871, began his studies at the Munich Art Academy at the age of 23. Contact with Porzellan Manufaktur Nymphenburg was established by the renowned Leipzig porcelain dealer F.B. Selle: at the beginning of 1899, Porzellan Manufaktur was looking for a designer for a modern service that was to be completed in time for the Paris World Exhibition the following year. On recommendation from Leipzig, Max Rossbach designed the MODERN shape for Nymphenburg. The corresponding dinner service was presented and celebrated in Paris. It has since become one of the icons of Nymphenburg Art Nouveau. In 1902, Rossbach replaced the tureen of this service with the oval and more elegant MODERN S bowl shape. He then left the manufactory to devote himself exclusively to painting again.